ACG 150

Dr. Christina Marouli

Sustainable, smart and sharing cities & Transformative Education
Associate Professor, Environmental Studies, Department of Science and Mathematics, Founder and ex-Director, Center of Excellence for Sustainability



University of California, Santa Cruz
PhD, Sociology

Tufts University
MA, Urban and Environmental Policy

Brandeis University
BA, Biochemistry

Research Area: Sustainable, smart and sharing cities & Transformative Education

Sustainable, smart and sharing cities

Contemporary cities house more than half of the world’s population, depend on new technologies in a global web of relations, are significant contributors to environmental degradation and at the same time promising loci for socio-economic and environmental action. We are called to re-envision the cities of the future and actively work towards making them sustainable – i.e. cities that contribute both to balance in natural ecosystems and to all people’s wellness (physical and spiritual well-being), with the wise use of appropriate and smart technology.

This research area calls for interdisciplinary collaborations among a variety of disciplines including among others natural sciences, arts, social and political sciences and philosophy/ethics and covers all aspects of urban life – environmental, social, economic, cultural, political. Indicative research themes include: housing, energy poverty, sustainable transport, waste management, urban green and biodiversity, smart cities and use of new technologies, urban resilience, environmental justice, social exclusion / inclusion of marginalized groups, gender and urban space, arts for cities, sustainable businesses and green jobs, urban quality of life, change in behaviors and social practices in urban settings, participatory governance.

The aim of this research area is to bring people from different disciplines and roles (e.g. researchers, educators, practitioners, enterprises) together in order to study, envision and promote cities that are sustainable, livable / enjoyable and inclusive (also in line with the European Union’s New European Bauhaus initiative).

Transformative education

The transition to sustainable, enjoyable and sharing cities and societies requires cultural changes and brave alterations in social practices and behaviors. Thus, transformative learning and education have a very important role to play in this transition. Insights from critical, active, environmental, sustainability, health, STEM, peace, arts etc. education can contribute to this effort.

Under this research area, we wish to pool our knowledge of transformative education, education that creates spaces for learners to become active agents in their own learning, but also interested, caring and capable agents of social change. We aim to investigate what constitutes an effective transformative and empowering education today, in terms of pedagogy, didactics and institutional aspects. An emphasis on Higher Education may be inevitable, but bridges between the different levels and types of educational settings are also going to be examined.



Dr. Marouli studied biochemistry (B.Sc. from Brandeis University), urban and environmental policy (M.A. from Tufts University) and sociology (M.A. and PhD from the University of California, Santa Cruz) in the USA – with a specialization in the environment, health and social inequalities. She is an Associate Professor at the Environmental Studies Program of Deree – The American College of Greece (ACG), in the foundation of which she had an important role. She is also the founder of the Center of Excellence for Sustainability at ACG, which she directed for seven years. She is now a member of the Academic Advisory Board of the Center. She has extensive consulting experience on environmental and occupational health issues, primarily in the context of European funded projects. She has also worked in Non-Governmental Organizations on women’s and children’s issues as Director or expert and she was a co-founder of the Emergency Research Center (NGO). She is also a recipient of a Fulbright award in the context of which she researched multicultural environmental education programs in the USA in collaboration with a professor from a Turkish university.

She has done research on several environmental and health issues, including gender and urban space, sustainable and smart cities, environmental and occupational health, green roofs, education for sustainability, multicultural environmental education, food waste. Her present research interests include transformative education for sustainability; sustainable, healthy, smart cities; and environmental behaviors and social change. Her research has been communicated in more than 45 scientific articles and book chapters and 3 books.



  1. Misseyanni, Anastasia & Lytras, Miltiadis & Papadopoulou, Paraskevi & Marouli, Christina. (2018). Active Learning Strategies in Higher Education: Teaching for Leadership, Innovation, and Creativity. Emerald Publishing Limited, Howard House, Wagon Lane, Bingley BD16 1WA, UK (co-edited and co-authored)
  2. Papadopoulou, P., Marouli, C., & Misseyanni, A. (2019). Environmental Exposures and Human Health Challenges(pp. 1-449). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-5225- 7635-8 (co-edited and co-authored)
  3. Inga Račinska, Lynne Barratt and Christina Marouli, (2015). LIFE and Land Stewardship. Current status, challenges and opportunities. Report to the European Commission.


Book Chapters (indicative)

  1. Marouli, C., Papadopoulou, P. & Misseyanni, A. (2020). Current Environmental Health Challenges: Part 2 – Moving Toward a Healthy and Sustainable Future. In Duca, G., & Vaseashta, A. (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Emerging Developments and Environmental Impacts of Ecological Chemistry (pp. 38-67). IGI Global.
  2. Papadopoulou, P., Misseyanni, A. & Marouli, C. (2020). Current Environmental Health Challenges: Part I – Exposures and Research Trends. In Duca, G., & Vaseashta, A. (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Emerging Developments and Environmental Impacts of Ecological Chemistry (pp. 1-37). IGI Global.
  3. Papadopoulou, P., Lytras, M. & Marouli, C. (2019). Bioinformatics as Applied to Medicine: Challenges Faced Moving from Big Data to Smart Data to Wise Data. In I. Management Association (Ed.), Biotechnology: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (pp. 185- 209). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-5225-8903-7.ch008
  4. Marouli, C. & Lytras, M. (2018). Smart Cities and Internet Technology Research for Sustainable and Inclusive Development: An integrated approach of best practices for policy makers and educators. In S. Risso and S. Testamarta (Eds.), Value Sharing for Sustainable and Inclusive Development. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3147-0.
  5. Marouli, C., Misseyanni, A., Papadopoulou, P., Lytras, M.D., (2018). A New Vision for Higher Education: Lessons from Education for the Environment and Sustainability, in Anastasia Misseyanni, Miltiadis D. Lytras , Paraskevi Papadopoulou , Christina Marouli (Eds.), Active Learning Strategies in Higher Education: Teaching for Leadership, Innovation and Creativity, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, UK. pp.361 – 387.
  6. Lytras, M. D., Papadopoulou, P., Marouli, C., & Misseyanni, A. (2018). Higher Education Out-of-the-Box: Technology-Driven Learning Innovation in Higher Education. In S. Burton (Ed.), Engaged Scholarship and Civic Responsibility in Higher Education (pp. 67-100). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-5225-3649-9.ch004
  7. Marouli, C. & Kaldellis, J.K. (2004). Risk in the Greek Electricity Production Sector. In Kaldellis J.K. & Kavadias, K.A. (eds) Selection of Published Scientific Research Results, Volume 3. Laboratory of Soft Energy Applications & Environmental Protection, TEI of Piraeus, 2002B-2003. Athens: Stamoulis Publications.
  8. Marouli, C. (1999). Greece: The Greek Government and the CRC. In Children’s Rights: Reality or Rhetoric? The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child: The First Ten Years. The International Save the Children Alliance.

Journal Papers (indicative)

  1. Marouli, C., Savvidou, P., Koutsokali, M., Papadopoulou, P., Misseyanni, A., Tsiliki, G., & Georgas, D. (2022). Plant Growth on a Mediterranean Green Roof: A Pilot Study on Influence of Substrate Depth, Substrate Composition and Type of Green Roof. Frontiers in Sustainable Cities – Urban Greening.
  2. Marouli, C. (2021). Sustainability Education for the Future? Challenges and Implications for Education and Pedagogy in the 21st Century. Sustainability, 13(5), 2901.
  3. Papadopoulou, P., Marouli, C., & Misseyanni, A. (2020). Sustaining Healthcare: Bridging Education with Biomedical and Healthcare Challenges. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 9(2), 211.
  4. Marouli, C. & Duroy, Q. (2019). Reflections on the Transformative Power of Environmental Education in Contemporary Societies: Experience from Two College Courses in Greece and the USA. Sustainability, 11(22), 6465; Special Issue: Education for Pro-Environmental Behaviors.
  5. Marouli, C. & Duroy, Q. (2014). The Nexus Between Climate Change and Social Practices: Theoretical and Empirical Reflections for Policymaking. Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations, Fall/Winter. 131- 145.
  6. Marouli, C. (2002). “Multicultural Environmental Education: Theory and Practice”. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, Vol. 7(1): 26-42.
  7. Marouli, C. (2001). “Education for Sustainability? The language books of the first grade of elementary school”. Open School, October-December 2001, 81: 12-18 (in Greek).
  8. Marouli, C. (1995). “Women Resisting (in) the City: Struggles, Gender, Class and Space in Athens.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. December 1995, 534-548.

Guest Editor of special issues

  1. Marouli, C. & Duroy, Q. (2019). Special Issue: Education for Pro-Environmental Behaviors. Sustainability, 11(22),
  2. Papadopoulou, P., Marouli, C.,  Misseyanni, A. & Lytras, M. (2016). Special Issue on Teaching in Higher Education: Active Learning, and New Teaching Methodologies, International Journal of Knowledge Society Research (JKSR)7(4).