Working Paper 1: From Fragments to Composition: The Origins of Economic Thought in Modern Greece
Author: Michalis Psalidopoulos
Abstract: The present contribution sheds light on the period before and after the revolution of ’21 from the viewpoint of the history of economic thought. We begin our investigation in the middle of the 18th century aspiring to throw light on the economic element of the neo-Hellenic spiritual movement in the process of its establishment.
Copyright 2022 by Michalis Psalidopoulos. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 2: REPowerEU INITIATIVES: A PRELIMINARY APPROACH
Author: Spyridon V. Branis
Abstract: Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has raised the issues of energy security and availability in Europe. Around 30-45% of Europe’s natural gas demand has been historically imported from Russia. REPowerEU initiative (March 8th, 2022) has been designed to implement the reduction on gas from the region in parallel with the decarbonization process. In this paper, we present the initial EU plan rational, its short-term and long-term targets until 2030. The scenario of abrupt stop of Gazprom’s pipeline exports is discussed. Constraints on gas supply could result in an increase of coal power generation over the short term. Renewables and nuclear energy options are practically long-term solutions and their impact on Europe’s energy independence is discussed. The updated REPowerEU initiative (May 18th, 2022) is also presented. Its aims remain the rapid reduction of dependence on Russian fossil fuels, the acceleration of EU transition to a clean economy and the increase the resilience of the EU energy system. The key package of proposals and actions: save energy, diversify of energy imports, substitute fossil fuels through Europe’s clean energy transition process and smartly combine investments and reforms is presented. Finally the merits and critical points of REPowerEU ambitious plan are discussed.
Copyright 2022 by Spyridon V. Branis. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 3: Determinants and effects of trade credit financing: Evidence from the maritime shipping industry
Authors: Elisavent Mantzari, Anna Merika, Christos Sigalas
Abstract: This paper investigates trade credit, as an alternative source of capital, in the setting of the maritime shipping industry. We employ net working capital, as a proxy variable of trade credit, in a Generalized Method of Moments instrumenting for endogeneity study based on a panel dataset of public maritime shipping companies, to empirically investigate the factors affecting trade credit as well as the effects of trade credit. Our study provides evidence that the magnitude of trade credit is affected by profitability, financial leverage, company size, cost of capital, financial distress, institutional ownership, corporate power, corporate liquidity, asset intensity, and corporate growth. In addition, our findings suggest that trade credit has an impact on financial performance, equity value and risk. These empirical findings yield important implications for principal financial officers and senior managers, heavily involved in the strategic and financial management of capital and asset-intensive industries like the maritime shipping industry.
Copyright 2022 by Elisavent Mantzari, Anna Merika, Christos Sigalas. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 4: Meta-Intelligence: Forming the Scaffolding that Forms You
Author: Dimitrios Makris
Abstract: This research investigates a crucial but under-explored pattern of innovators’ approach conducive to the generation of innovation, from idea to commercial development; innovators possess the capacity to critically reflect and to, simultaneously, actively manage their environments. “Meta-intelligence” captures the capacity to interrogate and curate one’s environment. Meta-intelligence entails critical reflection on a dynamic situation one is embedded in and, also, actively managing it. Placing oneself in the appropriate context is a signature characteristic of meta-intelligence in action, innovators place themselves in contexts that propel them forwards. Data from interviews were collected through qualitative research and indicate that practitioners of innovation display meta-intelligence in their innovation-generation efforts. Bricolage serves as a key theory as the repertoire of experiential schemata nurtures meta-intelligence. The findings align with dynamic capabilities theory in connection to the innovative capability and the managerial activity of transforming.
Copyright 2022 by Dimitrios Makris. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 5: ECB between Scylla & Charybdis: Stagflation vs Fragmentation
Author: Spyridon V. Branis
Abstract: The euro area economy has been looking more like (the picture in) the U.S. and the U.K.: wage
growth accelerates and inflation is getting stickier. Those concerns have pushed the European
Central Bank (ECB) to act faster to tighten monetary policy. By leaving behind nearly a decade of
negative interest rates, EU government bond yields in the periphery have crept into the “danger
zone”. The ECB is thus faced with a dilemma. It needs to tighten monetary policy in order to rein
in unexpectedly high inflation and at the same time to prevent fragmentation of financial markets
across the eurozone. The euro area may be about to experience something new: fragmentation in
its financial markets in a situation characterized by stagflation. As Italian government bond yields
climb, officials in Frankfurt assembled a new backstop anti-fragmentation tool for sovereign debt to
make sure they can hike rates as needed to cool inflation. The developments and the public
debates that had led to ECB’s July 21 & September 8, October 27 and December 15 meetings
decisions on interest rate hikes and the new anti-fragmentation tool are presented and discussed.
The accumulated clouds of persistent inflation, the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, the energy crisis,
Italian debt sustainability and the upcoming eurozone recession are presented in sync with market
expectations and interest rate projections. A forward guidance, for the ECB policy in 2023 is
presented. ECB will stay hawkish to anchor inflation expectations until core inflation is safely on
Copyright 2023 by Spyridon V. Branis. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 6: Online Travel Inspiration Under the Influence of COVID-19 Consumer Perception of Risk: Investigating Antecedents and Consequences
Authors: Christina Giakoumaki, Eleni Mavragani, Antonios Giannopoulos, Anastasia Pantazi
Abstract: Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, tourism, among many sectors, has been negatively affected. Can tourism be encouraged and sustained through digital solutions? This research focuses on some important antecedents of online travel inspiration, as well as some key outcomes. A survey with a sample of 249 individuals reveals that while openness to experience and desire and/or intent to visit a destination does not affect online travel inspiration associated with a specific destination, travel risk perception and previous visit to that destination are key determinant factors. In addition, this study shows that people’s online travel inspiration affects their emotions, willingness to participate in online co-creation experiences and behavioral intentions to interact with an online platform that offers an alternative to physical traveling. The main contribution of this study is the examination of the construct “online travel inspiration” during a time of crisis, such as the COVID-19 outbreak, while it also offers suggestions to practitioners in the tourism field regarding the creation of inspirational activities online.
Copyright 2023 by Christina Giakoumaki, Eleni Mavragani, Antonios Giannopoulos, Anastasia Pantazi. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 7: Drivers of Customer Engagement on LinkedIn: Uncovering The Role of Employees as Spokespersons
Authors: Areti Krepapa, Filoumena Zlatanou
Abstract: This paper explores drivers of customer engagement with corporate brands on LinkedIn and tests a theoretical model linking thinking processes and post source characteristics to customer digital engagement. The study design employs an exploratory content analysis of 788 LinkedIn posts and an experimental research study (N=334), in the context of the CRM industry. Findings show that content with an informational purpose and posts created or shared by employees rather than company pages result in greater engagement rates. Drawing from attribution and source credibility theories, the study also tests a model of serial mediation to explain attribution and source effects on engagement. Results show that both trustworthiness through identification mediate the relationship between attribution style and engagement. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
Copyright 2023 by Areti Krepapa and Filoumena Zlatanou. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 8: Redefining recruitment and selection processes for responsible AI in pre-employment assessments
Author: Olivia Kyriakidou
Abstract: The objective of the paper is fourfold: a) to focus on a specific HRM process, such as the pre-employment assessments that take place in the recruitment and selection process, b) explore how AI works in pre-employment assessments, c) identify how biases could be incorporated in AI in pre-employment assessments, and d) develop a framework for future work and practice for the development and implementation of ethical AI in pre-employment assessments. In this way, our paper contributes to the development and implementation of ethical AI tools and technologies, maximizing the benefits of AI systems in HRM and especially pre-employment assessments while at the same time preventing their risks.
Copyright 2023 by Olivia Kyriakidou. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 9: Flexible working arrangements, ostracism and inequality: The role of LMX and servant leadership
Authors: Olivia Kyriakidou, Anna-Liza Manali and Angeliki Vourlou-Barza
Abstract: The unanticipated disruption caused by the ongoing coronavirus pandemic led to the extensive use of flexible working arrangements. In such a boundaryless work environment, however, there are significant concerns, especially around inclusivity and discrimination in hybrid and remote work settings. Given the increasing concerns, we investigated whether the extent of working in substantially flexible working arrangements relates to employees’ perceived ostracism and inequality, distinguishing between working from home, in a hybrid mode or from the office. In addition, we theorized that in flexible working arrangements, high-quality leader relationships, such as LMX and servant leadership, are likely to reduce perceptions of ostracism and inequality. Based on a survey of 61 professionals who worked to varied degrees in flexible working arrangements, we found that employees who worked extensively in a hybrid mode were less likely to report experiences of ostracism and inequality in comparison to employees who worked mainly from home or in an office. Furthermore, a moderation analysis showed that the effects of LMX and servant leadership on perceptions of ostracism and inequality were much stronger for individuals who work in hybrid working arrangements than those who work at the office or from home. This research significantly improves our understanding of how different degrees of flexible working arrangements affect employees and by demonstrating the role of high-quality leader relationships in reducing perceptions of ostracism and inequality at different degrees of work flexibility.
Copyright 2023 by Olivia Kyriakidou, Anna-Liza Manali and Angeliki Vourlou-Barza. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 10: Hypertension and Anxiety: Comorbidity, Treatment and Access to Resources
Authors: Stella Jacqueline Versteeg and Athena Stefanatou
Abstract: Hypertension and its comorbidity with anxiety disorders is a global concern even more prevalent in developing countries. There is limited data from low-income countries. Existing literature has consistently exhibited a positive association between hypertension and anxiety, although the directional dependency between the two conditions is difficult to be determined. Studies have suggested a reciprocal relationship between the two, with hypertension symptoms such as headaches, shortness of breath, fear of complications, and dizziness triggering feelings of anxiety. Similarly, the pre-existing presence of anxiety may induce temporary, yet dramatic spikes in blood pressure as well as long-term issues with hypertension. This paper provides a review of the widely investigated association between hypertension and anxiety and describes the impact that one condition has on the other in terms of psychological and physical functioning, and risk factors. Additionally, a discrepancy between prevalence, ability to control, and treatment between affluent and developing countries are discussed. The most common and effective pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments are presented and reviewed. Evidence-based interventions include mindfulness-based treatments such as MBSR and MBCT, ABBTs such as ACT, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and motivational interviewing. Suggestions for future treatment options and management of both conditions are presented, with an emphasis on populations in developing countries. To address discrepancies in access to resources, urbanization, and high illiteracy rates, a global risk approach is presented.
Copyright 2023 by Stella Jacqueline Versteeg and Athena Stefanatou. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 11: Fresh Evidence from Temperature Effects on Growth and Economic Policy Uncertainty: A Panel Quantile Approach
Authors: Flora Leventis, Panagiotis Palaios
Abstract: This paper provides fresh evidence of temperature effects on GDP per capita growth and economic policy uncertainty (𝑒𝑝𝑢). We apply the quantile via moments methodology (Machado and Santos Silva, 2019) in a sample of 35 countries for the period 1980-2021, the most current time frame of the work we reviewed. To the best of our knowledge, temperature effects on 𝑒𝑝𝑢, in a panel quantile setting, have not been examined before. Our empirical results provide evidence in favor of asymmetric temperature impacts on both growth rates and 𝑒𝑝𝑢. Specifically, we find that: First, the impact of temperature and of its interaction with economic policy uncertainty on the growth rate is negative, quadratic, and more intense for poorer countries. Second, the combined temperature and policy uncertainty effect on growth rates is of greater magnitude compared to the simple temperature effect. Third, hotter countries are more vulnerable to economic policy uncertainty, with the effect being more pronounced as uncertainty increases.
Copyright 2023 by Flora Leventis and Panagiotis Palaios. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 12: Transmission of Sovereign Risk Among European Union Member States
Author: Flora Leventis
Abstract: Following the financial crisis of 2007-08, both in academic as well as policy circles, much of the research focused on the systemic importance of financial institutions. Parallel to that research there have been improvements in our understanding of how risk is transmitted from the financial system to the real economy. This paper investigates a related yet distinct manifestation of systemic risk, namely systemic sovereign risk by revisiting the European sovereign debt crisis. Using data on sovereign credit default swap spreads from 11 euro member countries the study examines how the sovereign risk of one member country can affected others, as well as the overall impact in the system. The work is based on the approach of Adrian and Brunnermeier (2010), used to assess systemic risk contributions among financial institutions. Focusing on sovereigns rather than financial institutions, this study expands on the literature by examining the European sovereign debt crisis. I find that the proposed measure of systemic sovereign risk of a country increases conditional on an increase on another country’s sovereign risk, at least up to a certain threshold, while I also observe a clear difference between core and periphery countries with respect to their systemic risk contributions and vulnerability within the system.
Copyright 2023 by Flora Leventis. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 13: The Greek economy, Looking back and charting the way forward
Author: Institute for Hellenic Growth and Prosperity
Abstract: In 2012, McKinsey produced a report titled “Greece 10 Years Ahead,” outlining the possibilities for Greece’s economic growth and development in the middle of a severe Greek Government Debt Crisis that began in 2009. In 2017, the American College of Greece (ACG), in response, created a strategic plan designed “to leverage education for social and economic impact,” especially by creating Centers of Excellence (Food, Tourism & Leisure; Logistics, Shipping & Transportation; and Sustainability, as well as a Research, Technology & Innovation Network), all under the auspices of the Institute for Hellenic Growth and Prosperity (IHGP). In 2020, the Pissarides Committee Report, “Growth Plan for the Greek Economy” (2020), was submitted to the Greek government and suggested a less centralized and more market-driven approach to economic policy. Subsequently, the Greek government issued a “Greece 2.0 National Recovery and Resilience Plan” (2021) aimed at framing economic development towards clean energy and digital transformation. The present IHGP update examines all these Reports in the light of economic and political developments between 2012 and 2022. It concludes that having followed the McKinsey 2012 recommendations proved to be a wise decision. In addition, IHGP offers a new set of recommendations for improving the economy in specific sectors and suggestions for the Greek educational system. These are designed to address changes in economic conditions and market demand. Finally, the IHGP recommends that ACG 150 create a new Center of Excellence focusing on Digital Transformation, Artificial Intelligence and Computer Sciences in general, as well as enriching its private sector outreach and curriculum by developing a “start-up” network in cooperation with its existing partnerships.
Copyright 2023 by Institute for Hellenic Growth and Prosperity. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 14: Global Port Detentions: Impact on Financial Performance in the Maritime Sector
Authors: Anna Merika, Xakousti-Afroditi Merika, Theodore Syriopoulos
Abstract: Port State Control (PSC) is the authority overseeing vessel technical and safety compliance in accordance with IMO regulations. The number of detained vessels has been declining over the last decade, despite fleet growth and expanding trading routes, as shipowners responded in a receptive manner to the increasingly stringent regulatory framework. This study aims to delve into the relationship, between vessel detentions and the financial performance of the maritime sector, as evidenced by freight rates, within a progressively rigorous regulatory landscape. It is expected that during periods of higher earnings, shipowners would exercise heightened diligence, given that a potential detention could entail substantial revenue loss. To investigate this, monthly hand collected data is gathered from Paris MoU and Tokyo MoU– bodies representing European and Asian port state control authorities, respectively – spanning the years 2010 to 2021. Through the application of Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) estimation, we unveil intriguing insights: institutional factors such as class and flag, alongside the nature of ship deficiencies pertaining to safety at sea and environmental protection, emerge as the primary drivers elucidating vessel detentions sanctioned by port authorities. What is surprising though, is our finding of a strong, positive and bidirectional relationship between ship detentions and economic activity in the sector. This study unveils a compelling signal that diverges from conventional wisdom, holding the potential to reverberate across all stakeholders engaged in the sector.
Copyright 2023 by Anna Merika, Xakousti-Afroditi Merika and Theodore Syriopoulos. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 15: Sustainability & connectedness to 'nature': Tracking the under-represented impact of cultural diversity & spatiotemporal proximity
Author: Ryan Rabett
Abstract: International advisory science demonstrates with increasing certainty that the current climate and biodiversity crises facing the planet are the consequence of human activity. Governmental and societal awareness of this is now widespread. Advocacy of individual and local action for the collective good at all stages of life has become mainstream and a maxim for people and institutions to align routines, activities and policies in order to achieve more sustainable lifeways. While thinking globally and acting locally has long been presented as a navigable channel between the small (e.g., personal) and the large (global) scale aspects of this relationship, very little is known about how individual motivation is affected by cultural and spatiotemporal variability. This paper reviews the current state-of-the-art regarding human connectedness to nature and makes provisional suggestions about how to accommodate the effects of cultural diversity and spatial and temporal remoteness pursuant to a more sustainable relationship between people and the natural environment.
Copyright 2023 by Ryan Rabett. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 16: Household wellbeing: the key to a sustainable and sufficient economy
Author: Eleni Papathanasopoulou
The pursuit of increased income to enable ever higher levels of consumption is often justified by the argument that higher consumption leads to higher levels of wellbeing. Studies have shown, however, that consumption is not the only explanatory variable when considering an individual’s wellbeing. Using time use data for adults in the UK from 2016 to 2021, this paper shows that the difference between individuals with high and low wellbeing can be partially explained by the time spent on specific activities such as leisure and eating together. These activities are highly rated on the enjoyment scale across the whole sample but only a small percentage of the population spends significant time on them. Insight such as these provide policy discussion to propose alternatives lifestyles that can contribute to wellbeing more holistically and have reduced environmental footprints.
Copyright 2023 by Eleni Papathanasopoulou. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.
Working Paper 17: Asymmetric Climate Effects on Eurozone Sovereign Yields: Evidence from Quantile Regression
Authors: Panagiotis Palaios, Flora Leventis
In the present study, we examine the relationship among sovereign yields, temperature and precipitation using a large monthly panel data set consisting of 20 eurozone members from 1980M1 to 2023M4. To account for possible asymmetries along the distribution of the climate variables, we assume a quadratic modeling specification and apply various mean panel estimation techniques of heterogeneous coefficients. At a next step, to consider possible nonlinearities in the distribution of the dependent variable (sovereign yields), we apply the quantile via moments methodology of Machado and Santos Silva (2019), which accounts for possible cross-sectional dependence and slope heterogeneity. We contribute to the existing literature in two main ways. First, by applying a quantile methodology that provides a more in-depth analysis of the climate effects along the distribution of the sovereign yields, especially in the presence of non-normally distributed data. Second, we find that climate change, as proxied by higher temperatures or lower precipitation (drought), will increase the sovereign risk of all countries, but the magnitude of the impact will be higher for countries that are already characterized by higher sovereign risk levels and/or face extreme weather conditions (hotter countries and/or countries with low levels of precipitation).
Copyright 2023 by Panagiotis Palaios and Flora Leventis. Short sections of text may be quoted, provided that full credit is given to the source.